TFQA: Tools for Quantitative Archaeology - Statistical Analysis Software for Archaeology TFQA

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Baxter, M. J.

1994  Exploratory Multivariate Analysis in Archaeology. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

2001  Methodological Issues in the Study of Assemblage Diversity. American Antiquity. 66(4): 715-725.

Blankholm, Hans Peter

Intrasite Spatial Analysis in Theory and Practice. Aarhus University Press, Aarhus, Denmark. (ISBN 87 7288 329 4)

Boone, James L., III

1987  Defining and Measuring Midden Catchment. American Antiquity 52(2): 336-345.

Cowgill George L. and Keith W. Kintigh

2020  Some Simple Ways to Use Multiple Uncertain Dates to Estimate Intervals.  Manuscript available in tDAR. (tDAR id: 458200; doi:10.6067/XCV8458200)

Deboer, Warren R, Keith W. Kintigh, and Arthur Rostoker

1996  Ceramic Seriation and Site Reoccupation in Lowland South America. Latin American Antiquity 7(3):263-278.

Dennis, B. and G.P. Patil

1979  Species abundance, diversity, and environmental predictability. In Ecological Diversity in Theory and Practice, edited by J.F. Grassle, G.P. Patil, W.K. Smith, and C. Taillie. International Cooperative Publishing House, Fairland, Maryland.

Doran, J.E. and F.R. Hodson

1975  Mathematics and computers in archaeology. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Everett, B.S.

1977  The Analysis of Contingency Tables. Chapman & Hall, London.

Grayson, Donald K.

1984  Quantitative Zooarchaeology. Academic Press, New York.

Gregg, Susan, Keith W. Kintigh, and Robert Whallon

Linking ethnoarchaeological interpretation and archaeological data: The sensitivity of spatial analytical methods to post-depositional disturbance. In The Archaeological Interpretation of Spatial Patterns, edited by Ellen Kroll and T. Douglas Price, pp. 149-196. Plenum, New York.

Hivernel, F. and Ian. R. Hodder

1984  Analysis of Artifact Distribution at Ngenyn (Kenya): Depositional and Post Depositional Effects. In Intrasite Spatial Analysis in Archaeology edited by Harold J. Hietala, pp. 97-115. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Hodder, Ian and Okell, Eric

1978  A new method for assessing the association between distributions of points in archaeology. In Simulation Studies in Archaeology, edited by Ian Hodder. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Howell, Todd L. and Keith W. Kintigh

1996  Archaeological Identification of Kin Groups Using Mortuary and Biological Data: An Example from the American Southwest. American Antiquity 61(3): 537-554.

Iversen, Gudmund R.

1984  Bayesian Statistical Inference, Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences 43, Sage University Papers, Beverly Hills, California.

Johnson, Ian

1984  Cell Frequency Recording and Analysis of Artifact Distributions. In Intrasite Spatial Analysis in Archaeology edited by Harold J. Hietala, pp. 75-96. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Kintigh, Keith W.

1984  Measuring archaeological diversity by comparison with simulated assemblages. American Antiquity 49(1):44-54.

1988  Monte Carlo Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Subsurface Testing for the Identification of Archaeological Sites. American Antiquity 53(4): 686-707.

1989  Sample size, significance, and measures of diversity. In Quantifying Diversity in Archaeology, edited by Robert D. Leonard and George T. Jones, pp. 25-36. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

2006  Ceramic Dating and Type Associations.  In Managing Archaeological Data: Essays in Honor of Sylvia W. Gaines, edited by Jeffrey Hantman & Rachel Most, pp, 17-26.  Arizona State University Anthropological Research Papers 57.

Kintigh, Keith W. and Albert Ammerman

1982  Heuristic Approaches to Spatial Analysis in Archaeology. American Antiquity 47(1): 31-63 (1982).

Kintigh, Keith W., Donna M. Glowacki, and Deborah L. Huntley

2004  Long-term Settlement History and the Emergence of Towns in the Zuni Area. American Antiquity 69(3): 432-456.

Kintigh, Keith W., and Scott E. Ingram

2018   Was the drought really responsible? Assessing statistical relationships between climate extremes and cultural transitions. Journal of Archaeological Science 89: 25-31. DOI:10.1016/j.jas.2017.09.006

Kintigh, Keith W. and Matthew A. Peeples

2020.  Estimating Population Growth Rates and Instantaneous Population from Periodized Settlement Data. Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology 3(1): 197209. DOI:

Koetje, Todd A.

1987  Spatial Patterns in Magdalenian Open Air Site from Isle Valley, Southwestern France. BAR International Series 346.

Krakker, James J., Michael J. Shott, and Paul D. Welch

1983  Design and Evaluation of Shovel Test Sampling in Regional Archaeological Survey. Journal of Field Archaeology 10: 469-480.

Lewis, Barry

1986  The Analysis of Contingency Tables in Archaeology. In Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 9: 277-310, edited by Michael B. Schiffer. Academic Press, New York.

MacQueen, J.

    1967  Some Methods of Classification and Analysis of Multivariate Observations. Fifth Berkeley Symposium on Probability and Statistics, pp. 281-297. University of California Press, Berkeley,

Mosteller, Frederick

1968  Association and Estimation in Contingency Tables. Journal of the American Statistical Society 63(32):1-28.

Papalas, Christopher A., Geoffrey A. Clark, and Keith W. Kintigh

2003   Liencres Revisited: The Significance of Spatial Patterning Revealed by Unconstrained Clustering. In Mesolithic on the Move: Papers Presented at the Sixth International Conference on the Mesolithic in Europe, Stockholm 2000, edited by Lars Larsson, International Conference on the Mesolithic, Hans Kindgren, and Kjel Knutsson, David Leoffler, and Agneta Akerlund, pp. 253-261. Oxbow Books, Oxford.

Pielou, E.C.

1975  Ecological Diversity. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

1977  Mathematical Ecology. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Reynolds, H.T.

1977  Analysis of Nominal Data. Sage University Papers, Quantitative Applications i the Social Sciences 7. Sage Publications, Beverly Hills.

Shennan, Stephen

    1997  Quantifying Archaeology, 2nd ed. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Sneath, Peter A. and Robert R. Sokal

1973  Numerical Taxonomy. W.H. Freeman, San Francisco.

Spurling, Brian, and Brian Hayden

1984  Ethnoarchaeology and Intrasite Spatial Analysis: A Case Study from the Australian Western Desert. In Intrasite Spatial Analysis in Archaeology edited by Harold J. Hietala, pp. 224-241. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Ward, G.K. and S.R. Wilson

1978  Procedures for comparing and combining radiocarbon age determinations: a critique. Archaeometry 20 pt. 1 pp. 19-31.

Whallon, Robert

1974  Spatial Analysis of Occupation Floors II: The Application of Nearest-neighbor Analysis. American Antiquity 39(1):16-34.

1985  Unconstrained clustering for the analysis of spatial distributions in archaeology. In Intrasite Spatial Analysis in Archaeology, edited by Harold J. Hietala, pp. 242-277. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wilson, S.R. and G.K. Ward

1981  Evaluation and clustering of radiocarbon age determinations: procedures and paradigms. Archaeometry 23 pt.1. pp. 19-39.          

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